The Federal Office of Surface Mining (OSM) regulations [30 CFR § 816.67 and 817.67] help to ... and add a factor of safety to determine the bounds of the blast area, (b) clear all employees, contractors, and visitors from the blast area, (c) post guards at the access points to prevent ... Blasting Safety – Revisiting Site Security ...
Oct 30, 2018· clear answers for common questions. Feedback About wiseGEEK. ... Surface mining is a method of mining used to extract minerals and metals which are near the surface of the Earth. There are three basic types of surface mining: open pit mining, strip mining, and quarry mining.
Supporters of surface mining contend it promotes clean energy, producing less environmental disturbance than pit mining. However, opponents of surface mining cite many issues with its operations. It draws criticism for polluting and changing local streams, filling them with rocks and potentially harmful toxins.
The final rule updates 33-year old regulations and establishes clear requirements for responsible surface coal mining that will protect 6,000 miles of streams and 52,000 acres of forests over the next two decades, preserving community health and economic opportunities while …
The Law: The Clean Water Act and Surface Mine Control and Reclamation Act require that waterways meet state and federal water quality standards. The Problem: The Clean Water Act allows mining companies to declare that a natural body of water is not a legally protected waterway but is instead a "waste treatment system," exempt from the law.
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) P.L. 95-87, Enacted August 3, 1977 "An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes."
Energy resources: Coal. ... This careful exclusion of non-coal material enables high-quality coal to be produced consistently by surface mining. The clean coal is then broken up by diggers or with the aid of explosives, and loaded into trucks using mechanical shovels. Bench methods allow every seam to be worked, not just the thickest.
The Pennsylvania Coal Association (PCA) submits the following comments on ... obtain primary authority to regulate surface coal mining activities by developing a state ... OSM made it clear that the Federal SMCRA surface mining blasting regulations were not intended to apply to blasting conducted in
On July 31, 2012, the Federal District Court for the District of Columbia set aside the EPA's July 21, 2011 Final Guidance on Improving EPA Review of Appalachian Surface Coal Mining Operations Under the Clean Water Act, National Environmental Policy Act, and the Environmental Justice Executive Order.
among the u.s. office of surface mining, u.s. environmental protection agency, u.s. army corps of engineers, u.s. fish and wildlife service, and west ia division of environmental protection for the purpose of providing effective coordination in the evaluation of surface coal mining operations resulting in placement of excess spoil fills in the waters of the united states
Surface mines rely on rotary drills to ... surface mining operation. The selection of a truck fleet is a significant investment that requires careful consideration. ... for quick and clean dumping on the go. off-HigHway Model No. rated Payload 770 36.3 tonnes (40 tons)
Surface Coal Mining Operations Surface Coal Mining Initiative Actions - This page provides updates and background information regarding EPA's recent activities under the Clean Water Act Section 404, Clean Water Act Section 402, and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
The Stream Protection Rule was a United States federal regulation issued by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement that went into effect on January 19, 2017. These regulations implement Title V of the 1977 Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA), the focus of which were the conditions for issuing permits to begin a mining operation.
Clear Results. Basemaps. Bookmarks. Remove Map Bookmarks. H E L P Page Last Modified/Reviewed: N/A - New Data is Added Continually Office of Surface Mining ... Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, 1849 C Street NW, Washington, DC 20240
This highly destructive form of surface mining is disfiguring an entire region, the coalfield areas of West ia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and ia, because of one reason: profit. More than 470 mountains in the southern Appalachians, which are among the oldest mountains on Earth, have already been sheared off.
Surface mining accidents can be caused by defective equipment such as excavating machinery, explosives, blasting equipment, drilling equipment, scoops, roof bolting machines, timbers, and others. Sometimes, vehicles such as shuttle cars, rock trucks, booms, bulldozers, coal trucks and clear-cutting equipment can be improperly maintained or ...
When it comes to surface mining equipment, no one has more experience helping miners match the right product to a specific need than . Ranging from dozers, drills and draglines to trucks, shovels, loaders and a host of support equipment, our lineup isn't just the industry's broadest.
Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.
mining industry argues that mountaintop mining is essential to conducting surface coal mining in the Appalachian region and that it would not be economically feasible there if operators were barred from using valleys for the disposal of mining overburden.
Under similar conditions, surface mining is generally regarded to be more advantageous than underground mining. In the selection between surface and underground exploitation methods, there are a number of most significant factors must be briefly
The Center for Public Integrity just came out with a recent article, found here, that highlights the clear irregularities between surface coal mining areas (including mountaintop removal mining areas), and other non-coal mining areas, and the excess pollution that results from those mining processes.